Recently, A partition on my backup harddrive was corrupted. It was i was clueless how it had happened. further, now the partition was refusing to mount and it was being detected as ext4.
I tried mounting is manually:
gaurish ~ $ sudo mount /dev/sdb6 /media/fl/ mount: unknown filesystem type 'ext4'
“EXT3-fs: sdb6: couldn’t mount because of unsupported optional features (ca9bc1e0).”
I was not sure what to do next
So i cried for help on various online Forums but all in waste.
After that i got pissed off and decided to take matter into my own hands and starting reading on how Partitions in linux are made etc. Then i came to know about superblock.
Bingo!, i had a bad superblock.
Here is a Quick Procedure to recover from a bad super block(read nightmare)
Open Terminal and type the following commands:
1) see backup superblock location
~ $ dumpe2fs /dev/sdb6 | grep -i superblock
dumpe2fs 1.41.3 (12-Oct-2008)
Primary superblock at 0, Group descriptors at 1-2
Backup superblock at 32768, Group descriptors at 32769-32770
Backup superblock at 98304, Group descriptors at 98305-98306
Backup superblock at 163840, Group descriptors at 163841-163842
Backup superblock at 229376, Group descriptors at 229377-229378
Backup superblock at 294912, Group descriptors at 294913-294914
Backup superblock at 819200, Group descriptors at 819201-819202
Backup superblock at 884736, Group descriptors at 884737-884738
Backup superblock at 1605632, Group descriptors at 1605633-1605634
Backup superblock at 2654208, Group descriptors at 2654209-2654210
Backup superblock at 4096000, Group descriptors at 4096001-4096002
2) Run Fsck with Alternative Superblock
$ sudo fsck -b 32768 /dev/sdb6
fsck 1.41.3 (12-Oct-2008)
e2fsck 1.41.3 (12-Oct-2008)
/dev/sdb6 was not cleanly unmounted, check forced.
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes
Pass 2: Checking directory structure
Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity
Pass 4: Checking reference counts
Pass 5: Checking group summary information
Free blocks count wrong for group #12 (30380, counted=30381).
Free blocks count wrong for group #127 (15027, counted=5927).
Free blocks count wrong (10539272, counted=10530173).
Free inodes count wrong for group #116 (32732, counted=32729).
Free inodes count wrong (24812957, counted=24812954).
/dev/sdb6: ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED *****
/dev/sdb6: 934/24813888 files (6.2% non-contiguous), 14282211/24812384 blocks
3) Done! Partition is successfully recovered and data is safe. now we can mount it normally.
$ sudo mount /dev/sdb6 /media/test
Now, After this incident i have to rethink my backup strategy, which till now have been reply solely on HDDs as backup medium.
Comment & Suggestions are welcome